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Step 2: Phonics

  1. Phonics: the rules and patterns of our written language – it connects written symbols to sounds.Phonics include:
    1. Sound – Symbol Correspondence & sight words/chunks
      alphabet
      digraphs (sh, ch, igh, wr, etc.)
      diphthongs (oi, ou etc.)
      sight words (common words and cheater words like does, said, would etc.)
      sight chunks (common chunks and cheater chunks)
    2. 6 Syllable types:
      cv – open
      cvc – closed
      vce – magic e
      vr – r controlled
      vv – 2 vowels: regular and diphthongs/digraphs
      -cle – consonant le
      *schwa – ‘spaceship schwa:’ any vowel at any time might say the short u sound.*
    3. Special Sounds/Foreign Influences
      Greeks gave us all those silent letters like ps
      French gave us que for the /k/ sound
    4. Endings/Prefixes
    5. Roots

    Sound – Symbol Correspondence & sight words/chunks
    alphabet
    digraphs (sh, ch, igh, wr, etc.)
    diphthongs (oi, ou etc.)
    sight words (common words and cheater words like does, said, would etc.)
    sight chunks (common chunks and cheater chunks)

  2. 6 Syllable types:
    cv – open
    cvc – closed
    vce – magic e
    vr – r controlled
    vv – 2 vowels: regular and diphthongs/digraphs
    -cle – consonant le
    *schwa – ‘spaceship schwa:’ any vowel at any time might say the short u sound.*
  3. Special Sounds/Foreign Influences
    Greeks gave us all those silent letters like ps
    French gave us que for the /k/ sound
  4. Endings/Prefixes
  5. Roots

Teaching the Alphabetic Principle: Critical Alphabetic Principle skills

Most common 300 words

Most common cheater words and chunks

Working on new words with flashcards

Working with Syllables