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Step 10: Huge Words!

Breaking Up A Big Word Example

Definitions:
A syllable is a unit of pronunciation with one vowel sound. It could be the whole word or it could be part of a word. The vowel sound in a syllable is made by one or more vowels.
∙One syllable word: bike.
∙Two syllable word eagle.
∙Three syllable word: elephant.


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Teaching Videos

VIDEO: Break up and put together big words

Breaking Up huge Words
Graphic: These examples show that as long as the word gets read, there are multiple ways to break up a word. 

Huge words are syllables brought together to make a word. The vowel sounds make our chins go down when we speak.  Vowel sounds create syllables.  Place your fingers under your chin.  Say the word “table” out loud.  You can feel your jaw drop two times.  First for the open syllable “ta”, then for the -cle syllable “ble.”  RULE: EVERY SYLLABLE NEEDS A VOWEL SOUND!

The goal is to read words quickly. Breaking words into syllables helps us read unknown words. As long as the word gets read correctly, the exact method of breaking up the word counts as successful!

  • To Read:  Break words into syllables, read the word syllable by syllable, and if it does not make sense adjust from there. 
  • To Spell: Say word in its syllables and spell one syllable at a time.

Click here for a quick strategy to use to break up unknown words
Click here for general syllabication guidelines

Teach and add schwa endings from the Big Sounds Pack to daily practice.

TEACH ALONG THE WAY ●●●

Compound words are 2 words with no space between them. Due to being complete words, they often break known “rules.” For example the Magic e comes at the end of the word, however, being at the end of the word “base” puts it in the middle of the word “baseball.”

Schwa endings: There are a group of endings with the schwa sound (-sion, -tion, -tious, -tient, -cion, -cial, -cious, -xion, -xious, -ture) where ci, ti, si and xi say /sh/. See Schwa Challenge wordlists below.

Morphology – building words with meaningful chunks. While learners start to become more comfortable with longer words and word parts, it is a good time to practice noticing that words are be built by adding prefixes and suffixes to a base word. This is the beginning of the study of morphology. Morphemes are the smallest units that have meaning (ie. incoming has 3 morphemes: in, come, ing).

Finding Morphemes and Making Words With Long Vowel Cheater Chunk -igh:
Click here for the -igh says the long /i/ sound worksheet. Highlight the -igh chunk in each title word. For the words below the title word, underline the title word and highlight the additional morphemes. (The title words on this page are each a single morpheme.) See Picture.


Book Shelf Practice Reading Book Shelf


KEY:
Blue Heart: Beginning, grades K-1K-1 Beginning
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-21-2 Growing
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeIntervention/Challenge
* A favorite!

Bundle: Additional various activities to practice a specific skill
Pack: Additional multiple versions of a specific activity to practice a specific skill

bundlesandpacks

Challenge Bundles: Multiple Syllable words with endings -tive, -al, -tion, -sion, -ture

Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challenge-tive ending Bundle -tive multiple syllable words
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeSchwa -al ending Bundle -al multiple syllable words
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeSchwa -tion ending Bundle -tion multiple syllable words
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeSchwa -sion ending Bundle -sion multiple syllable words
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeSchwa -ture ending Bundle -ture multiple syllable words
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeSchwa -age ending Bundle -age words and story: May I Help With Your Baggage?



Individual Materials including materials for more advanced learners:

Lists

Lists icon Word and Phrase Lists

Multiple syllable words lists are a great way to practice breaking words up into syllables. Draw in the syllable breaks and label the syllables or follow the syllable sort directions.

Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2* -igh words with added morphemes worksheet. *See above in “Teach Along The Way for directions*
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2* VCE 2 syllable vce to put together and read Explore (also found in Step 4 Magic e)
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2VCE compound words Inside (also found in Step 4 Magic e)
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeCVC CV VCE mixed practice multi-syllable divisions Robin (also found in Step 4 Magic e)
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeCVC CV dividing multiple syllable words Mustang (also found in Step 4 Magic e)
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeCompound Words Lists 1 and 2
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeVV ai ay words advanced vocabulary Strain with definitions
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeVR advanced word lists Ninjas 1, 2, 3
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeVR all vowels Advanced Vocabulary Word List #1
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeVR all vowels Advanced Vocabulary Word List #2
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeMultiple syllable all Determination (first 4 done for you)
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeMultiple syllable words in phrases Penguins on Parade
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeMultiple syllable words in phrases Promoting Porcupines
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeMultiple syllable nonsense words Crazy Nonsense
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeMultiple syllable all Challenge Comprehend
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeMultiple syllable Phrases The Porcupine
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeMultiple syllable phrases MUSTANG cvc cv vce vr vv schwa
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeActivity – re-arrange mixed up syllables to make words What Job Will I have?
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeActivity – rearrange mixed up syllables to make words Name That Animal!
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeWords with ending -tive advanced Effective
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeCVC VCE multiple syllable words, definitions and sentences Divide and Define #1 (also found in Step 4 Magic e)
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeCVC VCE multiple syllable words, definitions, sentences Divide and Define #2 (also found in Step 4 Magic e)
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challenge-ci, -ti, si, xi says /sh/ in endings multiple syllable words to teach and practice Who Knew?

CHALLENGE: Multiple Syllable Words With Schwa Endings Challenge

-tion, -xion, -cion, -sion, -xion, -cial, -tious, -cious, -xious, -cient, -ture, -age
The idea is to notice the schwa sound in these words. Draw a schwa symbol (Ə) over the schwa sound in each word. In a words with multiple syllables, the unaccented syllable is often the schwa sound. *Changing a vowel sound to a schwa sound is a very common way to figure out an unknown word that is not read correctly the first time.*

Pink Plus: intervention, challengeChallenge Schwa Endings –tion wordlist
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeChallenge Schwa Endings -ture wordlist
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeChallenge Schwa Endings -cial wordlist
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeChallenge Schwa Endings -age words and phrases: Some Words Don’t Act Their Age
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeChallenge Schwa Endings Common words with endings -tion, -cial, -sion, -cient, -ture
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeChallenge Schwa Endings Lists by ending and syllable type -sion, -tion, -tious, -cious, cial, -xious, -tient, -cient, -cion, -xion

Flashcards

Flashcard icon Flashcards

Schwa Ending Flashcards

Games

Games Icon Games

Game Directions

Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2CVC multiple syllable game Reading Bigger Words 1 (also in Step 6)
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2CVC multiple syllable game Reading Bigger Words 2 (also in Step 6)
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2CV CVC Initial open syllable word game 1 This Baby is Not Silent! (also in Step 6)
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeCV CVC Initial open syllable word game 2 Locate the Super Zebra (also in Step 6)
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeCV advanced phrases Open For Business (also in Step 6)
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeVR or advanced word game Horse (also in Step 7)
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeVR or advanced word game Horse with definitions(also in Step 7)
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeVR er ir ur advanced word game Insect(also in Step 7)
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeVR er ir ur advanced word game Insect with definitions(also in Step 7)
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challenge-tive words with ending -tive game Positive or Negative (also in -tive Bundle above)
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeVR ar advanced word game Pencil(also in Step 7)
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeVR ar advanced word game Pencil with definitions(also in Step 7)


Can use anytime after Step 8:
PowerPoint Game: Syllable Jeopardy! 

Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeSyllable Jeopardy! starts with one syllable words at the $100 level and works up to 4 syllable words.  (Do this after step 8. All 6 syllable types are used, but there are only regular vowel teams, not diphthongs/digraphs.) For each question I have students write the word on a personal whiteboard, add the line(s) to show the syllable break(s) (for example: ta/ble) then over each syllable write the symbol for the syllable type (O, -cle).  You can also have teams play and everyone in the team must agree on the final answer for the team to earn the points.  I have all students (or teams) play all questions, so it is possible for every student to earn every point.

Spelling

Lists icon Spelling

Practice with words from the lists, games etc.

When spelling multisyllabic words:
*Spell syllable by syllable. Draw a line for each syllable, then work one syllable at a time. Once each syllable says the correct thing, put them together and see if the word looks right.

*Think of other versions of a base word you are working with. Since the second vowel in money is an e, it makes sense that the second vowel in monetize is an e even though is produces the schwa sound.

* One way to remember challenging words is to use a ‘spelling voice’. Pronounce the word the way it would be pronounced if the vowel sound was stressed, or the word followed the rules. (Many of us learned to spell Wednesday this way, by pronouncing it “wed” “nes” “day”). In this case: the = /thee/, about = /AY bout/, etc

Syllable Sorts


Syllable Sort Icon Syllable Sorts

See syllable sort directions and headings and a strategy page in Teacher Resources below.

Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeSyllable Sort – Cut Aparts Caterpillar Open, Closed, Magic e, regular Vowel Teams, Bossy r, tion, aigh says long
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeMultiple syllable all Challenge Determination
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeMultiple syllable all Challenge Comprehend

Full Page Stories with Lists

Full Page Stories with Lists

Highlighting Word Lists directions

Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeCompound words list and story What If
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeCompound words list and story The Cowboy
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeCompound words list and story My School Day

Teacher Resources


Teacher icon Teacher Resources

Posters/Visuals

I use the following symbols
for the syllable types:

6 syllable types poster
6 syllables Wall Poster
schwa poster
Schwa symbol


6 syllable cheat sheet 
6 syllable types poster
6 syllable cheat sheet
6 syllable types poster with drawings
6 syllable cheat sheet with drawings

PowerPoints

Break up and Put together Big Words Powerpoint as in teaching video

Strategies / Tips

Spot and Dot – Strategy #1 for breaking up big words. We have found this to be the best, quickest and easiest way to get a start at breaking up big words. The goal is to get close enough that the words makes sense! If it works, it is correct!

Teaching/Learning Syllabication Guideline Sheet Here is more information about breaking up words into syllables.

Tips from Teaching/Learning Syllabication Guideline Sheet and Spot and Dot:

  1. Each syllable has a vowel sound; therefore each syllable has at least one vowel in it. (The vowel sound may be a vowel on its own, a vowel team, a magic e vowel, an r controlled vowel, a schwa, or a –cle syllable…)
  2. –cle is always a syllable (table, bubble)
  3. Twin consonants are always split into separate syllables (runner, rabbit)
  4. Blends are not usually split, but consonants that are not part of a blend usually are (silver, program)
  5. Look for words you know – compound words are separated (bookcase)
  6. Look for affixes you know (-ing, -ly, -ness, re-)
  7. Pronounce word correctly! As the years have passed, we have gotten lazy in our speaking, using the schwa often and sometimes almost making some syllables disappear altogether (sep/ar/ate, fam/il/y, in/ter/est)
  8. When reading an unknown word, see if it makes sense, if it doesn’t try syllabicating it a different way (quiet as a vowel team vs. qui/et as an open then closed syllable word). Also try other sounds (like the schwa sound) for vowels or emphasizing a different syllable.

If a word is not sounding right:
1. Close an open syllable
2. Change a vowel sound to schwa
3. Accent a different syllable
4. Change a syllable break (like splitting up 2 vowels to be in different syllables) For example the word oreo can’t be split o/reo. (This does not lead to correct pronunciation of this 3 syllable word. Another clue this is wrong is that eo is not a known vowel team.) Oreo could be split o/re/o or or/e/o).

Directions

More on the Directions Page

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