Huge Words Definitions:
A syllable is a unit of pronunciation with one vowel sound. It could be the whole word or it could be part of a word. The vowel sound in a syllable is made by one or more vowels.
∙One syllable word: bike.
∙Two syllable word eagle.
∙Three syllable word: elephant.
Huge words are syllables brought together to make a word. The vowel sounds make our chins go down when we speak. Vowel sounds create syllables. Place your fingers under your chin. Say the word “table” out loud. You can feel your jaw drop two times. First for the open syllable “ta”, then for the -cle syllable “ble.” RULE: EVERY SYLLABLE NEEDS A VOWEL SOUND!
Teaching Videos and Written Stories
VIDEO: Break up and put together big words
We use the following symbols and posters for the syllable types that we are putting together to build words:
Once open, click FILE, then DOWNLOAD, and download in Microsoft PowerPoint for the formatting to be correct.
Break up and Put together Big Words Powerpoint as in teaching video
Can use anytime after Step 8:
PowerPoint Game: Syllable Jeopardy!
Syllable Jeopardy! starts with one syllable words at the $100 level and works up to 4 syllable words. (Do this after step 8. All 6 syllable types are used, but there are only regular vowel teams, not diphthongs/digraphs.) For each question I have students write the word on a personal whiteboard, add the line(s) to show the syllable break(s) (for example: ta/ble) then over each syllable write the symbol for the syllable type (O, -cle). You can also have teams play and everyone in the team must agree on the final answer for the team to earn the points. I have all students (or teams) play all questions, so it is possible for every student to earn every point.
Teach Along the Way with Huge Words
TEACH ALONG THE WAY ●●●
Compound words are 2 words with no space between them. Due to being complete words, they often break known “rules.” For example the Magic e comes at the end of the word, however, being at the end of the word “base” puts it in the middle of the word “baseball.”
Schwa endings: There are a group of endings with the schwa sound (-sion, -tion, -tious, -tient, -cion, -cial, -cious, -xion, -xious, -ture) where ci, ti, si and xi say /sh/. Teach and add schwa endings from the Big Sounds Pack to daily practice and see schwa wordlists below.
Morphology – building words with meaningful chunks. While learners start to become more comfortable with longer words and word parts, it is a good time to practice noticing that words are be built by adding prefixes and suffixes to a base word. This is the beginning of the study of morphology. Morphemes are the smallest units that have meaning (ie. incoming has 3 morphemes: in, come, ing).
Finding Morphemes and Making Words With Long Vowel Cheater Chunk -igh:
Click here for the -igh says the long /ī/ sound worksheet.
Directions: Highlight the -igh chunk in each title word. For the words below the title word, underline the title word and highlight the additional morphemes. (The title words on this page are each a single morpheme.) See Picture.
RULE: EVERY SYLLABLE NEEDS A VOWEL SOUND!
The goal is to read words quickly. Breaking words into syllables helps us read unknown words. As long as the word gets read correctly, the exact method of breaking up the word counts as successful!
To Read: Break words into syllables, read the word syllable by syllable, and if it does not make sense adjust from there.
To Spell: Say word in its syllables and spell one syllable at a time.
Quick strategy to use to break up unknown words – Strategy #1 for breaking up big words. We have found this to be the best, quickest and easiest way to get a start at breaking up big words. The goal is to get close enough that the words makes sense! If it works, it is correct!
Teaching/Learning Syllabication Guideline Sheet Here is more information about breaking up words into syllables.
Tips from Teaching/Learning Syllabication Guideline Sheet and Quick strategy to use to break up unknown words:
- Each syllable has a vowel sound; therefore each syllable has at least one vowel in it. (The vowel sound may be a vowel on its own, a vowel team, a magic e vowel, an r controlled vowel, a schwa, or a –cle syllable…)
- –cle is always a syllable (table, bubble)
- Twin consonants are always split into separate syllables (runner, rabbit)
- Blends are not usually split, but consonants that are not part of a blend usually are (silver, program)
- Look for words you know – compound words are separated (bookcase)
- Look for affixes you know (-ing, -ly, -ness, re-)
- Pronounce word correctly! As the years have passed, we have gotten lazy in our speaking, using the schwa often and sometimes almost making some syllables disappear altogether (sep/ar/ate, fam/il/y, in/ter/est)
- When reading an unknown word, see if it makes sense, if it doesn’t try syllabicating it a different way (quiet as a vowel team vs. qui/et as an open then closed syllable word). Also try other sounds (like the schwa sound) for vowels or emphasizing a different syllable.
If a word is not sounding right:
1. Close an open syllable
2. Change a vowel sound to schwa
3. Accent a different syllable
4. Change a syllable break (like splitting up 2 vowels to be in different syllables) For example the word oreo can’t be split o/reo. (This does not lead to correct pronunciation of this 3 syllable word. Another clue this is wrong is that eo is not a known vowel team.) Oreo could be split o/re/o or or/e/o).
Key and Directions for Materials
Bundle: Additional various activities to practice a specific skill
Pack: Additional multiple versions of a specific activity to practice a specific skill
Directions for everything else:
More on the Directions Page
- Highlighting Lists
- Working with Flashcards
- Flashing Words with flashcards
- Games with Picture Cards
- Games with Words/Phrases on Game Board
- Game I Have, Who Has
- Game Bang!
- Game Bingo
- Spelling help found on the Spelling Page in the Teach Along The Way section
- Small Book Assembly
- Small Book 4 pager Assembly
- Syllable Sort Directions
Multiple Syllable Words BUNDLES!
Multiple Syllable Bundles
Closed Syllable CVC Multiple Syllable Bundle CVC Reading multiple syllable words
Open and Closed Syllable CV CVC Multiple Syllable Bundle CV CVC Reading multiple syllable words
Multiple Syllable Bundle multiple syllable words
Challenge Bundles: Multiple Syllable words with endings -tive, -al, ally, -tion, -sion, -ture, -age
-tive ending Bundle -tive multiple syllable words
Schwa -al ending Bundle -al multiple syllable words
Schwa -ally ending Bundle -ally multiple syllable words
Schwa -tion ending Bundle -tion multiple syllable words
Schwa -tion ending Bundle the harder ones -tion multiple syllable words the harder ones
Schwa -sion ending Bundle -sion multiple syllable words
Schwa -ture ending Bundle -ture multiple syllable words
Schwa -age ending Bundle -age multiple syllable words
Schwa -ous, -ious ending Bundle -ous, -ious multiple syllable words
Word and Phrase Lists
See Highlighting Word Lists.
Multiple syllable words lists are a great way to practice breaking words up into syllables. Draw in the syllable breaks and label the syllables or follow the syllable sort directions.
* -igh words -igh words with added morphemes worksheet. *See above in “Teach Along The Way for directions*
CVC Closed words Multiple syllable short vowel Lists by Vowel
CVC Closed words activity Name Your Robot nonsense syllables fun sheet Project Robot (also in Step 2)
CVC phrases Closed phrases multiple syllable Chipmunk: Bigger Word Phrases
CV CVC Open and Closed words challenge wordlist Robot Says Hi
CVC CV Open and Closed words Teaching Sheet The Long and Short Of It
CV CVC Open and Closed words and phrases multiple syllable I prefer Rodents
CV CVC Open and Closed words Open Closed Read and Spell
CV/CVC or CVC/VC words read both ways nonsense words Open Closed Syllable Division Nonsense
* VCE words words 2 syllable vce to put together and read Explore broken into syllables (also found in Step 4 Magic e)
CV CVC VCE words Open, Closed and Magic e Multiple syllable divisions Which Side Should I Go? broken into syllables (also found in Step 4 Magic e)
VCE words compound Inside (also found in Step 4 Magic e)
CVC CV VCE words dividing multiple syllable Mustang (also found in Step 4 Magic e)
CV CVC VCE phrases Open, Closed and Magic e multiple syllable We Can Do This
Mixed words Compound Words Lists 1 and 2
VV ai ay words advanced vocabulary Strain with definitions
VR words advanced lists Ninjas 1, 2, 3
VR words all vowels Advanced Vocabulary Word List #1
VR words all vowels Advanced Vocabulary Word List #2
Mixed words Multiple syllable all Determination (first 4 done for you)
Mixed phrases Multiple syllable Penguins on Parade
Mixed phrases Multiple syllable Promoting Porcupines
Mixed words Multiple syllable nonsense Crazy Nonsense
Mixed words Multiple syllable all Challenge Comprehend
Mixed phrases Multiple syllable The Porcupine
Mixed phrases Multiple syllable MUSTANG cvc cv vce vr vv schwa
Mixed words Activity – re-arrange mixed up syllables to make words What Job Will I have?
Mixed words Activity – rearrange mixed up syllables to make words Name That Animal!
ending -tive words advanced Effective
CVC VCE words multiple syllable words, definitions and sentences Divide and Define #1 (also found in Step 4 Magic e)
CVC VCE words multiple syllable words, definitions, sentences Divide and Define #2 (also found in Step 4 Magic e)
-ci, -ti, si, xi says /sh/ in endings words multiple syllable to teach and practice Who Knew?
CHALLENGE: Multiple Syllable Words With Schwa Endings Challenge
-tion, -xion, -cion, -sion, -xion, -cial, -tious, -cious, -xious, -cient, -ture, -age
The idea is to notice the schwa sound in these words. Draw a schwa symbol (Ə) over the schwa sound in each word. In a words with multiple syllables, the unaccented syllable is often the schwa sound. *Changing a vowel sound to a schwa sound is a very common way to figure out an unknown word that is not read correctly the first time.*
Challenge Schwa Endings –tion wordlist
Challenge Schwa Endings -ture wordlist
Challenge Schwa Endings -cial wordlist
Challenge Schwa Endings -age words and phrases: Some Words Don’t Act Their Age
Challenge Schwa Endings Common words with endings -tion, -cial, -sion, -cient, -ture
Challenge Schwa Endings Lists by ending and syllable type -sion, -tion, -tious, -cious, cial, -xious, -tient, -cient, -cion, -xion
CVC words multiple syllable game Reading Bigger Words 1
CVC words multiple syllable game Reading Bigger Words 2
CVC phrases Closed multiple Syllable game Hiking 1
CVC phrases Closed multiple Syllable game Hiking 2
CVC words Activity Closed Name Your Robot nonsense syllables fun sheet Project Robot (also in Step 2)
CV CVC words Initial open syllable game 1 This Baby is Not Silent!
CV CVC words Initial open syllable game 2 Locate the Super Zebra
CV CVC words Open and Closed Multiple syllable nonsense words Crazy Nonsense
CV and Mixed phrases advanced Open For Business
VR words or advanced game Horse (also in Step 6)
VR words or advanced game Horse with definitions(also in Step 6)
VR words er ir ur advanced game Insect(also in Step 6)
VR words er ir ur advanced game Insect with definitions(also in Step 6)
-tive words with ending -tive game Positive or Negative (also in -tive Bundle above)
VR words ar advanced game Pencil(also in Step 6)
VR words ar advanced game Pencil with definitions(also in Step 6)
-tive words with ending -tive game Positive or Negative (also in -tive Bundle above)
Practice with words from the lists, games etc., or use the lists below.
When spelling multisyllabic words:
*Spell syllable by syllable. Draw a line for each syllable, then work one syllable at a time. Say each syllable by itself and spell it. Once each syllable says the correct thing, put them together and see if the word looks right.
*Think of other versions of a base word you are working with. Since the second vowel in money is an e, it makes sense that the second vowel in monetize is an e even though is produces the schwa sound.
* One way to remember challenging words is to use a ‘spelling voice’. Pronounce the word the way it would be pronounced if the vowel sound was stressed, or the word followed the rules. (Many of us learned to spell Wednesday this way, by pronouncing it “wed” “nes” “day”). In this case: the = /thee/, about = /AY bout/, etc
Syllable Sort Directions
Syllable Sort Headings
Breaking up words strategy page
Syllable Sort – Cut Aparts Caterpillar Open, Closed, Magic e, regular Vowel Teams, Bossy r, tion, aigh says long
Multiple syllable all Challenge Determination
Multiple syllable all Challenge Comprehend
Small Book assembly directions, 4 Pager folding directions, OR use horizontal format for reading on screen in distance learning.
Multiple Syllable 4 page Crazy Comics on TV horizontal and foldable formats
Multiple Syllable 4 page The Concert horizontal and foldable formats
Multiple Syllable 4 page A Muffin Problem horizontal and foldable formats
Full Page Stories with Lists
See Highlighting Word Lists
Compound words list and story bossy r focus No Burger!
Compound words list and story What If
Compound words list and story The Cowboy
Compound words list and story My School Day