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Step 4: Magic e (& contractions detour)

Magic e at the end of a word makes the vowel before it say it's name
Magic e

c says /s/ before an e, i, or y
g says /j/ before an e, i, or y
Usually c says /s/ and g says /j/ in front of e, i or y

Definitions:
VCE stands for Vowel, Consonant, e, which are the last 3 letters in a the Magic e syllable. The vce is always at the end of a word (bike, explode). The exception os when the vce is at the end of the first word in a compound word (facemask, baseball).
CCVCE signals there will be blends (two consonants, cc) at the beginning of the Magic e words.


Teaching icon Teaching/Learning to Read Teaching icon 2


teachingvideos

Teaching Videos

Magic e syllable
Magical alternate story for the Magic e Syllable
2 sounds for long ū (same video as on Open and Closed Syllable page)

TEACH ALONG THE WAY ●●●

Teach and add the relevant sounds (ce, ci, cy, ca, etc. and ge, gi, gy, ga, etc.) from the Big Sounds Pack to daily practice.

ce, ci, cy say /s/: When a c is followed by an e, i or y it says its soft sound /s/. When a c is followed by a, o, u or any consonant letter, it says it’s hard sound /k/. Find more resources here.

ge, gi, gy say /j/: When g is followed by an e, i or y it usually says its soft sound /ğ/ as in gym. When g is followed by a, o, u or any consonant letter, it usually says it’s hard sound /ḡ/ as in gate. There are more exceptions to this than for the c. Find more resources here.

Vowel Protectors protect vowels from Magic e: As we learned in Steps 1 and 2, -ck, -ffsszzll, -tch and -dge come after a short vowel to protect it from a Magic e. Letters are also doubled in words to act as vowel protectors like in the words peppermint and planned.

We do not end words in v, j, i or u: In English, we do not end words in v, j, i or u. (The four common exceptions are the pronouns you, thou, hi and I). In a word that ends in a vowel, v, e the first vowel might not say its name since the e may be there so the v is not at the end. The i in give says its sound, the a in gave says it’s name, and the i in live is pronounced both ways!

Contractions Detour!
Sometimes we shove 2 words together and use an an apostrophe to show where we took out the letter(s). “Is not” can also be “isn’t.”

Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Bundle: Contractions Lesson and 4 Games
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Contractions PowerPoint
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Contractions flashcards: Match the contraction to the words spelled out.


Teaching Activity

Act Out Open, Closed and Magic e Syllables Just like teaching the Open and Closed syllables, make letter cards and act out what the vowel would say in different situations, and now include the Magic e running up to a word.  Find directions here.


Book Shelf Practice Reading Book Shelf


KEY:
Blue Heart: Beginning, grades K-1K-1 Beginning
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-21-2 Growing
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeIntervention/Challenge
* A favorite!

Bundle: Additional various activities to practice a specific skill
Pack: Additional multiple versions of a specific activity to practice a specific skill

bundlesandpacks

Magic e Bundles!

Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e with only CVC words Bundle Magic e level 1 with only CVC words with words, pyramids with flashcards, games and stories
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e with blends and multiple syllable words Bundle Magic e level 2 with blends and Multiple Syllable words with pyramids with flashcards, games and stories


Magic e Pack!

Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE story Pack Full Page Story with List ALL



Individual Materials including materials for more advanced learners:

Lists

Lists icon Word and Phrase Lists

Highlighting Wordlists

Word Lists
Blue Heart, Green Star, Pink Plus: K-2 and interventionMagic e CVC to CVCE word pairs list It is the Sam Same Sock Sam (also in CVC Bundle above)
Blue Heart, Green Star, Pink Plus: K-2 and interventionMagic e CVC to CVCE fold to cover the e list Hide (also in CVC Bundle above)
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE word families Ace vertical lists
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE word families Cake For A Snake horizontal tracking
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e CCVCE by word family Snake Grape with blends
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE mixed word list 1 Is It Ripe
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE mixed word list 2 Bone
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE two sounds for ū Use Dude.
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE ce and ge list with and without challenge question at end

VCE Phrases
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE words and phrases activity How Many Can You Find and Say: Gross!
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE phrases a words A Safe Male Rat
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE phrases i words I Can Ride A Mile
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE phrases o words A Mole In The Hole
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE phrases 2 sounds for ū words A Cute Mule
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE phrases timing option Cube of Ice
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE phrases timing option In The Crate
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE sentences timing option Jake Has A Fake Snake

Multiple Syllable
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE 2 syllables to put together and read Explore
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE compound words Inside
Green Star, Pink Plus: Grades 1,2 and/or intervention, challengeMagic e CVC CV VCE mixed practice multi-syllable divisions Robin
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeMagic e CVC CV VCE (mostly closed) mixed practice multi-syllable MUSTANG
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeMagic e Challenge CVC VCE multiple syllable words, definitions and sentences Divide and Define #1
Pink Plus: intervention, challengeMagic e Challenge CVC VCE multiple syllable words, definitions, sentences Divide and Define #2

Flashcards

Flashcard icon Flashcards

Magic e Flashcards and Sort
Magic e Flashcards
Magic e Flip Chute Cards (See directions for Flip Chute Cards on the Directions page.)
Magic e VCE Open, Closed, Magic e Word Changes flashcards/activity (includes directions)
Magic e
VCE Make Words with VCE endings and Blends Flashcards/activity (includes directions)

Fluency Pyramids

Fluency Pyramid Fluency Pyramids

Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE Beginning Fluency Pyramids #1-10 Pack with wordlists and index (included in bundles above)

Games

Games Icon Games

Game Directions

Sound Games
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE a, i sounds Trains
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE o, u sounds Sports
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE o, a, i sounds Bird and Squirrel

Word Games (c cays /s/ and g says /j/ when followed by an e)
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE with only CVC words Games Pack (included in CVC Bundle 1 above)
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e CVC to CVCE words Cut a Cute Cape (included in CVC Bundle 1 above)
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e CVC to CVCE Do You See The e? (included in CVC Bundle 1 above)
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e CVC to CVCE We Hope to See Our Pals (included in CVC Bundle 1 above)
Blue Heart, Green Star, Pink Plus: K-2 and interventionMagic e CV to CVC to CVCE words Butterflies (included in CVC Bundle 1 above)
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE words I Like A Nice Bone (included in CVC Bundle 1 above)
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE words Ice Cream Cones Yum (included in CVC Bundle 1 above)
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE words Fun at the Lake (included in CVC Bundle 1 above)
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e CVC and VCE ZAP
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE words Ovals1 (included in blends Bundle 2 above)
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE words Ovals 2 (included in blends Bundle 2 above)
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e CCVCE words Trace the Whale (included in blends Bundle 2 above)
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e CVCE words Capture the Shark (included in CVC Bundle 1 above)
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e CVCE words Capture the Jellyfish (included in CVC Bundle 1 above)

Phrase Games
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE a phrases I Like to Bake (included in CVC Bundle 1 above)
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE i phrases Game Time (included in CVC Bundle 1 above)
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE o phrases Get the Hose (included in CVC Bundle 1 above)
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE u phrases Cute Mule (included in CVC Bundle 1 above)
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE phrases A Cute Red Rose
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE phrases Chimp on a Vine
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE phrases Name the Mice
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE sentences I Hid Your Gift (included in blends Bundle 2 above)

Spelling

Lists icon Spelling

Practice with words from the lists, games etc., or use the lists below.
* Having learners spell with word chains where the coach says “change one sound in (chop) to spell (chip), now change one sound in (chip) to spell (sip)” is a powerful way to draw student’s attention to individual sounds in the words!

Use Magic e lists for spelling words. Mix Magic e words with closed syllable words. When spelling multiple syllable words pronounce and spell one syllable at a time.

Magic e VCE Word Chain spelling Wake to Spit

Syllable Sorts


Syllable Sort Icon Syllable Sorts

See syllable sort directions and headings and a strategy page in Teacher Resources below.

Syllable Sort Directions
Syllable Sort Headings

Closed and Magic e word sort
Open, Closed and Magic e syllable sort

Small Books

Small Books icon Small Books

Small Book assembly directions, 4 Pager folding directions, OR use horizontal format for reading on screen in distance learning.

Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE 4 page with only CVC words 4 Page Stories #1-6 Pack horizontal format (also in CVC Bundle above)
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE 4 page with CVC words and blends 4 Page Stories #7-15 Pack horizontal format (also in blends Bundle above)
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE 4 page 4 Page Stories #1-15 all together Pack
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE small book Cub in a Cube cvc cvce horizontal and vertical formats
Blue Heart Green Star: Beginning, grades K-1 and/or Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE small book I Like Mice foldable format
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE small book What to feed Cute Mice foldable format
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE small book Who Is She cvc vc vce foldable format
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE small book Mice Are Nice ccvc vce horizontal and vertical formats
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE small book The Big Egg Mess cvc cvce ll ss horizontal and vertical formats
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE small book Would You Like To vce horizontal and vertical formats
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE small book Rub a Dub Dub cvc cvce horizontal and vertical formats
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE small book Brave Snake cvce ccvce horizontal and vertical formats
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE small Book Bad, Bad horizontal and vertical formats
4 page Books:
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE 4 page Late For The Date -ate family horizontal and vertical formats
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE 4 page My Best Day -ake family horizontal and vertical formats
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE 4 page Cap Man cvc cvce horizontal and vertical formats
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE 4 page Jane and Mike Were Late horizontal and vertical formats
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE 4 page Who took a Slice horizontal and vertical formats
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE 4 page Vote for Super Hero horizontal and vertical formats
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE 4 page The Race with a Cheat (vowel team ea) horizontal and vertical formats

Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE teach vce + ing small book Baking horizontal format

Full Page Stories with Lists

Full Page Stories with Lists

Highlighting Word Lists directions

Magic e VCE Full Page Story with List ALL Pack (included in blends Bundle 2 above)

Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE list and story -ake family Make a Joke (included in blends Bundle 2 above)
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE list and story -ame family My Tame Goat (included in blends Bundle 2 above)
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE list and story -ave, -ake, -ale families The Tale of Dave (included in blends Bundle 2 above)
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE list and story mixed Dave was Late (included in blends Bundle 2 above)
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE list and story mixed The Strike (included in blends Bundle 2 above)
Green Star: Growing, Grades 1-2Magic e VCE list and story with c and g Bruce (included in blends Bundle 2 above)

Teacher Resources


Teacher icon Teacher Resources

Visuals

Teaching Stories

  • Written Story: Magic e as told in Teaching Video
  • Written Story: 2 Sounds for Long u Story as told in Teaching Video
  • Alternate Explanation For the 2 Sounds of Long u:
    • The name of the letter u is pronounced like the word “you”.  This word has two phonemes (sounds): the /y/ sound (as in yes), and then the /oo/ sound (as in moon).  In words like use and cute the letter u’s full name is heard.
    • When the u is saying its name, it often goes by a nickname (a shorter version of its name).  For its nickname the u drops the first phoneme (sound) /y/ and we only hear the second phoneme (sound) /oo/.  We only hear the /oo/ sound of the u’s name in words like tube and flute.

PowerPoints

Directions

More on the Directions Page

Map Sounds to Letters

First map the sounds in the word to the letter(s) representing the sounds, even if it is not a letter combination that has been taught yet. Only an unusual sound/letter combination needs to be remembered “by heart.” Mapping the sounds to the letters is how we remember what words look like. See example below:

Map sounds to the letters that spell those sounds.  Teach spelling

Be sure to reinforce what you know and are learning about words:
Schwa Sound: Any vowel might say /u/. Point out this happens in many common words like: the, of, was, some, from…

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