Adding Endings Definitions:
– Base Word: The base is the main word without adding anything to the beginning or end of the word. For example “tie” is the base word for: tied, untie, retie, and tying. “Soft” is the base word for softly, softer, and softest.
– A Suffix is a group of letters that has meaning and when added to the end of a base word changes that word’s meaning. For example the suffix -ed changes the base word word “paint” to mean it happened in the past. The suffix -ly changes soft to describe how you are doing something.
PowerPoints and Google Slides
It is important to explain that the ending -ed means that something already happened. The tricky part is that the ending -ed says three different things at the end of words: /d/, /t/ or /ĭd/.
/d/ after a voiced sound like the /b/ in grabbed
/t/ after an unvoiced sound like the /p/ in stopped
/ĭd/ after the letters d or t like the word planted
Spelling and Reading with Suffixes instructions, lists, activities and games
Adding Endings Bundle!
Adding Endings Bundle: Double or drop rules, 3 sounds of -ed
This list is in an order to teach these skills in:
1 Teach: Adding Endings to Base Words That End in a Vowel visual, directions and list
2 Intro: Adding Endings to Long and Short Vowel Words directions and list
Adding Endings With Short and Long Vowels list
– -ed Says /t/, /d/, or /id/ -ed Word List by Sound
– -ed Says /t/, /d/, or /id/ -ed Flashcard Sort Using these sort cards have students sort the -ed words under the correct heading /d/, /t/ or /id/.
– Doubling rule guided practice Doubling Rule Practice adding endings to cvc words activity
– Doubling rule activity adding endings to cvc words Draw My Puppy activity
– Doubling rule game adding endings to cvc words Spinner game
– Read and Spell list cvc and vce with endings -ed, -er, -ing, -y, Dinner
– Read and Spell list any syllable with endings -ed -ing -er -est -ly Lovely Endings
– Endings Game in sentences Hoping to Hop
3 Teach adding endings on words that end with y directions and list
4 Teach adding -s or -es directions and list
Advanced Endings including -tion, -sion, -cial, -tious -cient, -tient, -ture, -cious, -xious, -cion, -xion, -age found below at the end of the Schwa section.
These are also found on the Huge Words page. Check out the BUNDLES for these endings!
Spelling Review Add -ing to words
Morphology – building words with meaningful chunks. While learners start to become more comfortable with longer words and word parts, it is a good time to practice noticing that words are be built by adding prefixes and suffixes to a base word. This is the beginning of the study of morphology. Morphemes are the smallest units that have meaning (ie. incoming has 3 morphemes: in, come, ing).
Finding Morphemes and Making Words With Long Vowel Cheater Chunk -igh:
Click here for the -igh says the long /i/ sound worksheet.
Directions: Highlight the -igh chunk in each title word. For the words below the title word, underline the title word and highlight the additional morphemes. (The title words on this page are each a single morpheme.) See Picture.
The goal is to notice the schwa sound in words, not read all the schwa words at this point. Have learners be detectives and find schwa sounds in words.
A good strategy is to read these materials to your learner, point out the word with a schwa sound, and ask the learner to identify where the schwa sound is.
*Changing a vowel sound to a schwa sound is a very common way to figure out an unknown word that does not sound right the first time.*
– The Schwa (Ə) sound is /ŭ/ (short ŭ sound) and sometimes its sound almost disappears altogether. It is represented with this symbol: Ə. Any vowel or vowel combination in any syllable might have a schwa sound and say /ŭ/. Examples are the letter “e” in the word “the” and the letter “o” in the word “mother.” The a schwa sound can often be found in the unaccented syllable of multiple syllable words. Examples are the vowel sound in the second syllable of the word “second”, and the second and third syllables of the word “elephant.”
Teaching Videos and Written Stories
Once open, click FILE, then DOWNLOAD, and download in Microsoft PowerPoint for the formatting to be correct.
- PowerPoint: Schwa as in teaching video
Schwa words Bundle
Schwa Beginning Bundle Schwa words
Word and Phrase Lists
Draw a schwa symbol (Ə) over the schwa sound in each word. The goal is to hear the schwa sound, not necessarily real all these words.
Schwa 25 Most Common Ə Words list
Schwa 25 Most Common Ə Words and Phrases
Schwa Ə Phrases with the 25 Most Common Ə Words
Often Used 2+ Syllable Schwa words:
Schwa Mega Soda (When the letter a is alone as the first syllable in a word it is often a schwa.)
Schwa 48 Common Ə Words list challenge
The goal is to notice the schwa sound in words learners are already spelling.
* One way to remember challenging schwa words is to use a ‘spelling voice’. Pronounce the word the way it would be pronounced if the vowel sound was stressed, or the word followed the rules. (Many of us learned to spell Wednesday this way, by pronouncing it “wed” “nes” “day”). Schwa word examples: about = /ā bout/, mother = /mŏth er/ etc.
Advanced: * Vowels are often schwa sounds in unaccented syllables. Often a derivative of a word with a different syllable accented will have the vowel pronounced correctly and help with spelling. For example the a in “human” can be heard in “humanity.”
Full Page Stories with Lists
ADVANCED: Multiple Syllable Words With Schwa Endings
-tion, -xion, -cion, -sion, -xion, -cial, -tious, -cious, -xious, -cient, -ture, -age
(These are also found in Step 10)
Learners are ready to move on to Step 7 without being able to read any of the challenge words below.
Schwa endings Bundles
Challenge Schwa -al Endings Bundle -al multiple syllable words
Challenge Schwa -ally Endings Bundle -ally multiple syllable words
Challenge Schwa -tion Endings Bundle -tion multiple syllable words
Challenge Schwa -sion Endings Bundle -sion multiple syllable words
Challenge Schwa -ture Endings Bundle -ture multiple syllable words
Challenge Schwa -ous, -ious Endings Bundle -ous, -ious multiple syllable words
Challenge Schwa -age Endings Bundle -age multiple syllable words
Challenge Schwa –tive Endings Bundle -tive multiple syllable words bundle
Schwa endings individual sheets
Challenge Schwa Endings -ti si ci xi say sh teach and practice sheet
Challenge Schwa Endings –tion wordlist
Challenge Schwa Endings -ture wordlist
Challenge Schwa Endings -cial wordlist
Challenge Schwa Endings -age words and phrases: Some Words Don’t Act Their Age
Challenge Schwa Endings –tion, -cial, -sion, cient, -ture Common words with endings
Challenge Schwa Endings Lists by ending and syllable type -sion, -tion, -tious, -cious, cial, -xious, -tient, -cient, -cion, -xion