Adding Endings Definitions:
– Base Word: The base is the main word without adding anything to the beginning or end of the word. For example “tie” is the base word for: tied, untie, retie, and tying. “Soft” is the base word for softly, softer, and softest.
– A Suffix is a group of letters that has meaning and when added to the end of a base word changes that word’s meaning. For example the suffix -ed changes the base word word “paint” to mean it happened in the past. The suffix -ly changes soft to describe how you are doing something.
PowerPoints and Google Slides
It is important to explain that the ending -ed means that something already happened. The tricky part is that the ending -ed says three different things at the end of words: /d/, /t/ or /ĭd/.
/d/ after a voiced sound like the /b/ in grabbed
/t/ after an unvoiced sound like the /p/ in stopped
/ĭd/ after the letters d or t like the word planted
Sample Bundle contains samples of the stories, games, lists, flashcards, fluency pyramids, activities, spelling and more you will find in the practice section below.
The goal is to notice the schwa sound in words, not read all the schwa words at this point. Have learners be detectives and find schwa sounds in words.
A good strategy is to read these materials to your learner, point out the word with a schwa sound, and ask the learner to identify where the schwa sound is.
*Changing a vowel sound to a schwa sound is a very common way to figure out an unknown word that does not sound right the first time.*
– The Schwa (Ə) sound is /ŭ/ (short ŭ sound) and sometimes its sound almost disappears altogether. It is represented with this symbol: Ə. Any vowel or vowel combination in any syllable might have a schwa sound and say /ŭ/. Examples are the letter “e” in the word “the” and the letter “o” in the word “mother.” The a schwa sound can often be found in the unaccented syllable of multiple syllable words. Examples are the vowel sound in the second syllable of the word “second”, and the second and third syllables of the word “elephant.”
Teaching Videos and Written Stories
Once open, click FILE, then DOWNLOAD, and download in Microsoft PowerPoint for the formatting to be correct.
- PowerPoint: Schwa as in teaching video
Sample Page contains a sample of the types of words used in the stories, games, lists, flashcards, fluency pyramids and more that you will find in the practice section below.